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nitrating mixture

 
   
A mixture of concentrated nitric and sulphuric acids that is used to introduce the nitro group, -NO{TAG(tag=>sub)}2{TAG}, into a molecule. A classic example is the conversion of benzene, C{TAG(tag=>sub)}6{TAG}H{TAG(tag=>sub)}6{TAG}, into nitrobenzene, C{TAG(tag=>sub)}6{TAG}H{TAG(tag=>sub)}5{TAG}NO{TAG(tag=>sub)}2{TAG}. The electrophile in this reaction has been shown to be the NO{TAG(tag=>sub)}2{TAG}{TAG(tag=>sup)}+{TAG} ion.  

 

 

 
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nitrate ion (nitrate(v) ion)
 
nitration
 
   

 

Other Terms : tRNA | sonar | dense

 

 

 
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